When it comes to indoor plants, we tend to kill many. The one important thing to know while buying plants is their requirement, whether they will settle in your home environment or not? Have you ever wondered why plants die? Why do they give up on you?
The myth which we consider as the truth is indoor plants do not need light. Yes, you read it right, but the truth is they don’t need direct sunlight. Indoor plants need a medium to bright indirect sunlight. There are specific plants which do well in low lights or dark areas. It’s always advised to keep plants in bright light once a week for better growth and health. But as of now will discuss easy-care indoor plants which do well in medium to bright light and are considered as indoor plants.
Below is a list of indoor plants that are uncomplicated and easy to take care of:-
- Sansevieria Plant
- ZZ Plants
- Pothos Plant
- Philodendron Plant
Sansevieria, also called mother-in-law’s tongue, snake plant, are the easiest plants. It comes in various multi coloured spear-like leaves which add beauty whether you grow it indoors or outdoors or in the ground.
Sansevieria loves light, with direct sun for 6 to 8 hours a day outdoors and bright indirect light indoors. Whether indoors or out, provide protection from very hot, afternoon sun, whether by placing in a more shady location outdoors or moving the plant to a shaded window indoors. That said, the plant is tolerant of some shade, too. With full sun outdoors, the plant’s colours become more intense, and it blooms more profusely.
Indoor Plant Water Requirements?
Snake plants don’t need a lot of water and grow naturally in dry soil. Regular watering is not at all required. Water only when the topsoil has dried out completely; this may be weekly if the room gets very warm or if it’s outdoors in hot, summer temperatures. In winter, water less often either outdoors or in. When watering, pour the water directly on the soil around the base of the plant don’t pour water in the centre of the plant.
Pests and Disease of Indoor Plant
sansevieria are not fussy when it comes to pests.Bugs, fungus and bacteria don’t bother them much whereas A more usual problem will be overwatering, which could cause root rot and later to death of the plant.
Pruning and Propagation of Indoor Plant
Mother-in-law’s tongue needs no pruning, and it’s easy to start new plants by dividing the mother plant. Propagation can be done using leaves in both water and soil. Place pups(baby plant) or parts of leaves in potting soil, and keep them slightly moist until they develop roots. Or place the part of leaves or pups in water and transfer it to the soil once they develop roots. Whether in soil or water Give the plant four to six weeks to develop roots, and then begin to water less often.
While ZZ plants can take direct light, you may see some signs when placed in direct sun. ZZ are the most easy plants and love to be ignored, ZZ plants will do better if you leave them alone. ZZ plants don’t need fertilizing usually, but you can fertilize the plants with very dilute fertilizer one to two times a year mostly only in the summer months. Growing ZZ plants is easy and best for the forgetful gardener.
Pests and Disease
Bugs, fungus and bacteria don’t bother ZZ very much whereas A more likely problem will be direct light which leads to burnt leaves, curling of the leaves, yellowing and scattering of stems. If you see these happening, Move the plant to a shadier location or farther away from the light source. Or you can try filtering the light with curtains or blinds if in case, moving the plant is not feasible. Another problem is overwatering, which could cause root rot and death of the plant.
Water the plant only when the soil is completely dry. A ZZ plant is turning yellow means that it is getting too much water and its underground rhizomes (bulbs) may be rotting. So when it comes to ZZ care just remember to forget to water it. It can survive months without water but will grow faster if watered somewhat regularly.
Pruning and propagation:
ZZ needs no pruning, and it’s easy to start new plants by dividing the mother plant. Propagation can be done using leaves in both water and soil. Place stem or rhizomes (bulbs) or leaves in potting soil, and keep them slightly moist until they develop roots. Or place the stem or rhizomes, part of leaves in water and transfer it to the soil once they develop roots. Whether in soil or water Give the plant four to six weeks to develop roots.
Pothos is arguably the easiest of all houseplants to grow, even if you are a person who forgets to water your plants. This trailing vine has pointed, heart-shaped green leaves, Pothos likes bright, indirect light it can thrive in areas that don’t get a lot of sunlight or have only fluorescent lighting.1 It’s an excellent plant for locations with low natural light but continuous fluorescent lights.
Pothos vines do not climb trellises and supports on their own, but they can be trained onto supports to give the appearance of twining. Pothos can get leggy when left unpruned. So pruning is very important when it comes to Pothos.
Outdoors, Pothos can be grown in the shade to partial shade. Indoors, Pothos prefers bright but indirect sunlight.1 Variegated plants sometimes lose their leaf pattern and revert to all-green plants if they don’t get enough light; moving them to brighter conditions usually restores the variegation. Suddenly paler-looking leaves mean the plant is getting too much sun.
Pothos like to have their soil dry out completely between waterings. If left continuously in wet soil, the roots will rot. Black spots on the leaves and the sudden collapse of the plant indicate the soil has been kept too wet. Pothos tells you when it needs water, observe and water—when it starts to droop. However, don’t wait until the leaves start to shrivel else you will lose some leaves. Dry, brown edges mean the plant was kept dry too long.
Keep the stems trimmed relatively short to keep foliage full along the full stems. If stems grow bare, they can be cut back to the soil level, and new stems will sprout. This plant is easily propagated simply by taking stem cuttings and rooting them in water or in potting soil. Move cuttings rooted in water into the soil as soon as possible so they can begin getting nutrients.
Philodendron plants are very quick growing plants. While growing its vines, it’ll also start to grow leaves and aerial roots along with those vines. If you don’t control this growth, it’ll be all-around your space in a very short time. When it gets too large, you can propagate the vines and grow more philodendrons.
Light exposure for a Philodendron
Your Philodendron is quite a versatile plant because it can thrive in varying light levels. However, the perfect light for the Philodendron should resemble the light exposure it gets in nature: bright and indirect sunlight. As the Philodendron has vines and likes to climb, it grows on tree trunks, in shaded areas.
When your Philodendron is getting many yellow leaves at once, it might be getting too much sunlight.
When your Philodendron gets too little light, its aerial roots or vines will stretch, and there will be a lot of space between leaves. It does this to reach for the light when it’s not getting enough of it. So when you see this happening, it’s time to find a brighter spot for your Philodendron. You can always use a grow light to supplement the light in dark areas.
Watering a Philodendron
Watering your Philodendron is quite simple, let the top of the soil dry out between waterings. Philodendrons grow quite quickly. When they’re growing quickly, they like to absorb a lot of moisture. Make sure you’re using a pot with drainage holes, to make sure the soil isn’t wet and any excess water can escape from the bottom of the pot. This will keep your plant happy.
When your Philodendron starts to droop, it usually indicates a watering issue. It could mean that your plant is getting too much water or not enough. It’s easy to discover which one it is because if the soil is dry, the plant needs more water, and if it’s wet you need to let it dry out. The leaves will go back to normal when you’ve corrected the watering issue.
Philodendrons could be quite harmful to your cats and dogs. When your cat or dog chews on philodendrons, it could cause hypersalivation, abdominal pain, vomiting, swelling of the pharynx, and difficulty swallowing. When you notice any of these symptoms after your pet has chewed on a philodendron, you should contact your vet. To avoid this situation altogether, put your plant in a place where your pets can’t reach the plant and be sure to trim your plant in time.
Plants are something you need to observe; they might not behave the same for you as for someone else. It’s always necessary to research and know about your plant; however, Gardening is a journey where you learn with your own experience.
Meta – Sansevieria: Sansevieria, also called mother-in-law’s tongue, snake plant, are the easiest indoor plants. ZZ: ZZ plants is easy and best indoor plant for the forgetful gardener. Pothos: Pothos is arguably the easiest of all indoor plant to grow Philodendron: Philodendron plants are very quick growing indoor plant.